Type 2 Diabetes, Causes, Symptoms and Complication

Diabetes is a medical condition where a person’s blood sugar or blood glucose is too high. In order to better understand diabetes, you need to understand the how the glucose is processed in the body.

How insulin works:

Insulin is secreted by the pancreas then released into the bloodstream where it circulates and enables sugar to enter the body cells.

This in turn, lowers the level of blood sugars. As the level of blood sugar drops, so does the secretion of insulin.

The role of glucose:

Glucose is a source of energy to the body cells that make up the muscles among other tissues in the body. It is obtained from the liver and food. It is absorbed into the bloodstream where with the help of insulin, it enters the body cells.

When glucose levels are too low like when you do not eat for a while, the liver breaks down the stored glycogen into glucose to help maintain glucose level at a normal range.

There are two main types of diabetes namely:

1. Type 1 Diabetes

In this type of diabetes, the immune system which should fight viruses and bacteria attacks the insulin producing cells in the pancreas leaving the body with little or no insulin. Instead of sugar being transported to the body cells, it builds up in the blood stream.

Type 1 diabetes is thought to be caused by a combination of environmental factors and genetic susceptibility.

2. Type 2 Diabetes and Prediabetes

Prediabetes leads to type 2 diabetes which is the more common type of diabetes. Here, the body cells become resistant to the action of insulin and the pancreas does not make enough insulin to overcome the resistance leading to the buildup of glucose in the blood stream.

Prediabetes means that the blood sugar is higher than normal but not high enough to be referred to as diabetes.

Being overweight is one of the major cause of diabetes but not everyone with type 2 diabetes is overweight.

Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age but it mostly appears during adolescence or childhood.

On the other hand, type 2 diabetes is more common among people over 40 years but it can also develop at any age.

Usually, a combination of certain things cause type 2 diabetes which include:

· Genes

According to research, your risk to getting type 2 diabetes increases if your sibling or parent has it.

· Extra weight.

Being obese or overweight makes the body cells resistant to insulin especially if you carry most of the weight at the middle.

· High blood pressure

Having blood pressure that is above 140/90 millimeters of mercury increases your risk to type 2 diabetes.

· Abnormal triglyceride and cholesterol levels.

Low levels of good cholesterol increases your risk to type 2 diabetes. Triglycerides is another type of fat carried in the blood. Individuals with high levels of triglycerides are at higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes.

· Gestational diabetes

Your risk of developing prediabetes and type 2 diabetes increases after developing gestational diabetes when pregnant. Also, if you give birth to a baby weight more than 4kilograms (9 pounds), you have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

· Polycystic ovary syndrome.

Women with polycystic ovary syndrome, a common condition that is characterized by irregular periods, obesity and hair growth have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

· Race.

Though the reason for this is unclear but studies indicate that people of certain races; Hispanics, blacks, Asian-Americans, American Indians are at higher risk of developing diabetes.

· Age.

As you get older, your risk increases. This is because you tend to lose muscle and gain weight due to lack of exercise. However, type 2 diabetes is also increasing among young adult and adolescent children.

· Inactivity

The less active you are, the higher the risk of developing diabetes. This is because exercise uses up glucose and makes body cells more sensitive to insulin.


Unlike in type 1 diabetes whose symptoms come on quickly and are more severe, the symptoms of type 2 diabetes vary depending on how much sugar level in the blood is elevated. Some people may not experience any symptoms initially

Some of the symptoms to look out for include:

· Frequent urination.

· Increased thirst.

· Unexplained weight loss.

· Extreme hunger.

· Presence of ketones, a byproduct after the breakdown of fat and muscle when there not enough insulin, in the urine.

· Irritability.

· Fatigue.

· Slow healing sores.

· Blurred vision.

· Frequent infections such as vaginal infection, skin or gum infections.

Complications of type 2 diabetes:

Though the complications of type 2 diabetes develop slowly, they can be life-threatening and disabling. The longer you have diabetes, the more severe the complications will be. The common complications include:

· Cardiovascular disease

Diabetes increases the risk of certain cardiovascular problems such as heart attack, coronary artery disease with severe chest pain, atherosclerosis (narrowing arteries) and stroke. If you have type 2 diabetes, you are more likely to have stroke or heart disease.

· Neuropathy (Nerve damage)

Excess blood sugars damage the walls of the capillaries (tiny blood vessels) that nourish the nerves especially in the legs. This causes numbness, tingling, pain and a burning sensation that begins at the tip of the toes and fingers than spreads upwards gradually.

If not treated, it can lead to the loss of feeling in the affected limbs. Damage of the nerves that assist in digestion causes vomiting, nausea, constipation, and diarrhea. To men, it can lead to erectile dysfunction.

· Nephropathy (kidney damage)

Kidneys contain glomeruli, tiny blood vessel clusters that filter the blood to remove waste. Type 2 diabetes damages this filtering system leading to an irreversible kidney disease or kidney failure. If this happens, you will need kidney transplant or dialysis.

· Retinopathy (eye damage)

Type 2 diabetes damages retina’s blood vessels leading to blurred vision or blindness. It also increase the risk of vision conditions such as glaucoma and cataracts.

· Foot damage

Diabetes damages the nerves in the feet as well as affects the flow of blood to the feet thereby increasing the risk to various foot complications. If left untreated, the blisters and cuts develop severe infections that heal poorly and can ultimately lead to leg, foot or toe amputation.

· Skin conditions

Type 2 diabetes leave you more susceptible to certain skin problems such as fungal and bacterial infections.

· Hearing impairment

People with diabetes are more likely to develop hearing problems.

· Alzheimer’s disease.

Type 2 diabetes increase your risk of Alzheimer’s disease. The higher the blood sugar levels, the greater the risk of mental deterioration.

Beating Diabetes with Diet

Unfortunately, there continue to be people who don’t yet even know they have diabetes. It’s essential for everyone fighting diabetes to keep optimum weight and cut back blood cholesterol.

In the recent years diabetes is among the more significant health troubles not just in the country but also on the planet.

So should you think you might have diabetes, it is critical to do the appropriate tests.

If you’re not mindful of the early signals of diabetes you’re setting yourself up for the fight of your daily life.

A diabetic patient must eat plenty of vegetables and fruits in which fibre content is quite large.

He must follow a health lifestyle, which include proper diet plan, exercises and prescribed medicines. On a lengthy run diabetic patients must have a normal diet with a lot of good fruits.

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Where to Get Help for Type 2 Diabetes

It isn’t uncommon to hear of individuals afflicted by diabetes nowadays. Preventing and controlling type two diabetes can be hard, just with the appropriate way of life and treatment, you can do it.

Treating type two diabetes successfully is no little feat. It affects millions of people across the world every year. However, it is curable.

Fighting this widespread disease demands serious lifestyle changes like your diet.

If there’s an insufficient quantity of insulin within the body, it will cause improper absorption of glucose by the body.

In this article, you will learn the way to quit taking insulin and treat type two diabetes naturally.

Consequently, the insulin that’s administered to take care of the type 1 diabetes, becomes ineffective.

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Why Glucose Level Testing Is Important For Type 2 Diabetes

Glucose level denotes the quantity of glucose found in someone’s blood. In case you are finding it challenging to keep the blood glucose levels after meals within the standard selection, then being nearer to the standard levels ought to be the objective.

If left untreated, elevated heights of blood glucose could result in serious health issues like stroke, cardiovascular disease, or kidney difficulties.

You’re tired because of high glucose levels yet you must exercise to increase insulin sensitivity.

Significant glucose levels might be the result of an event of diabetes mellitus, by medications, by means of an important illness, or by physiological stress.

People with higher glucose levels in their blood might even experience no symptoms whatsoever.

For easy and fast understanding, an individual can refer to regular blood glucose levels chart, which can be found in clinics and hospitals.

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Who Does Diabetes Mellitus Affect

Diabetes mellitus is quite a common condition that lots of people around the planet are experiencing. Diabetes mellitus is among the most frequently seen conditions.

People experiencing diabetes mellitus will likely experience these symptoms and signs.

Symptoms can easily be controlled with synthetic l.-thyroxine. Just understanding the indicators isn’t enough since these indicators can likewise be associated with several other health conditions.

As previously mentioned, the indicators and effects of all the 3 kinds of diabetes are alike. Continue Reading…

Diabetes Symptoms for Type 1 & Type 2

Both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes share the exact same diabetes symptoms, although the beginning of the diseases can be rather different.

There are various reasons why these symptoms appear. In some instances, there aren’t any symptoms that could be observed in the early stage.

Both of these indicators combined are deemed classic indicators of diabetes.

Because you can see there’s a lot to keep an eye out for, now that you’re conscious of what the juvenile diabetes symptoms are it is not difficult to keep an educated eye on your children’s development and you’ll be in a position to analyze the behavior habits in the light of this info.

Type two diabetes symptoms have a tendency to display more gradually as time passes.

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What Happens When Type 1 Diabetes if Left Untreated

Type 1 diabetes occurs because of the human body’s inability to make insulin, which is a hormone made by the pancreas.

Type two diabetes usually develops because of a mix of difficulties with insulin resistance and insulin secretion.

Regardless of the type, diabetes causes an increase in the degree of blood sugar, which could ultimately affect several regions of the body, and cause quite a few health troubles.

Type two diabetes has become the most frequent kind of diabetes.

Many believe that the type two diabetes can likewise be brought on by the lack of insulin or the creation of abnormal insulin that fails to generate the desired effects.

The third sort of diabetes is known as gestational diabetes. On the other hand, it may also affect the level of triglycerides.

Type two diabetes is largely thought to occur when there’s inadequate quantity of insulin within the body.

It develops when the body does not produce enough insulin or the body does not respond to the insulin that is produced due to the faulty cells.

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What Causes Diabetes and What are the Symptoms

People with diabetes should speak with their physician or healthcare provider to discover what their healthy blood glucose range is.

Type two diabetes is easily the most frequent type of diabetes and it’s been described as an epidemic.

Many believe that the type two diabetes can likewise be brought on by the lack of insulin or the creation of abnormal insulin that fails to generate the desired benefits.

The majority of people do not initially require insulin.

Insulin plays an essential function in balancing glucose levels within the body.

Taking insulin might even spell increased trouble for some type two diabetes patients, since it will worsen their leptin and insulin resistance with time.

It regulates the production and storage of glucose in the body.

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Ways to Avoid this Disease to Cure Diabetes

You wish to understand how to cure diabetes. Today, diabetes is getting more common because of the rising amount of people that are obese and inactive.

Actually, many people having insulin-dependent diabetes stay ignorant of their problem.

For those who have diabetes, you might want to stay in mind that it isn’t the close of the world.

It will help to control diabetes and stop the long-term complications related to diabetes.

Although the specific source of type 1 diabetes isn’t yet known, some doctors feel that it’s caused as a result of faulty gene.

Yes, but you’re going to should also apply your diet to start reversing diabetes and eventually cure it.

Quite simply, you diet has become the most important treatment you may use to stop and reverse your type 1 and type two diabetes.

There are numerous kinds of vegetarian diets. A vegetarian diet may be healthy option for people with diabetes.

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When Diabetes Needs to be Treated

Diabetes treatment for Type 2 may also use specified medications together with insulin therapy based on the patient’s needs.

Unfortunately, there continue to be people who don’t yet even know they have diabetes

It is on the rise and many people are diagnosed with the disease each day

Because there are different kinds of diabetes, each type has an exceptional possible cause.

What the majority of people don’t know is that type two diabetes, just like with any other health conditions, ought to be given equal attention if they’re ever to stop it from worsening.

There are various kinds of diabetes, not merely a solitary condition.

In the past, it was never such a big epidemic like it is today.

Diabetes is connected with long-term complications that affect nearly every portion of the body.

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Diabetes Signs and Symptoms in Adults

The symptoms and symptoms of diabetes frequently look like the pure aging procedure and consequently aren’t viewed as alarming.

Though the indicators may differ from person to person, both symptoms that happen in most individuals are increased thirst and frequent urination.

Thus it is necessary to know about the indications and symptoms that come from the many viruses out there, for instance, infamous diabetes.

People experiencing fibromyalgia symptoms are continuously reporting a scarcity of sleep because they’re not able to rest.

Unfortunately, these indicators and symptoms of diabetes are sometimes not recognizable as being indications of a significant disorder, and aren’t easy diagnosed.

Since the indications of diabetes can be hard to recognize, often it goes undiagnosed.

As previously mentioned, the signs and effects of all the 3 types of diabetes are alike.

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